Why Do We Need A Patent System? Or Do We?

Simply put, a patent is an “exclusive right granted for an invention” to the patent holder, usually the inventor. If an invention is patented, it cannot be “made, used, distributed, imported or sold” without the patent holder’s permission. There are theories that explain why a patent system is needed. Amongst them are the following: According to the reward theory, the inventor has a natural right … Continue reading Why Do We Need A Patent System? Or Do We?

What is (Reasonable Expectation of) Privacy: R v Jarvis – PART 2

In the last post, I talked about the test for reasonable expectation of privacy and analyzed the Supreme Court’s definition of privacy. In this post, we will continue our study of the case. Section 8 of the Charter The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedom (“Charter“) is the first part of the Canadian Constitution Act, 1982. Pursuant to s.1 of the Charter, the Charter “guarantees … Continue reading What is (Reasonable Expectation of) Privacy: R v Jarvis – PART 2

What is (Reasonable Expectation of) Privacy: R v Jarvis – PART 1

As an Iranian Canadian, I  have many friends, who only speak Farsi and have no knowledge of English. Every now and then, when speaking to them, I run into a word that does not have an equivalent in Farsi. Privacy is one of such words. When stuck in these situations, one realizes how difficult it is to define certain words and concepts. I have definitely … Continue reading What is (Reasonable Expectation of) Privacy: R v Jarvis – PART 1

Can Mr. Bezos Successfully Sue AMI For Copyright Infringement?

By now, everyone probably has heard about the drama between Mr. Bezos and AMI. AMI published a number of personal text messages between Mr. Bezos and a woman, who was not his wife. Mr. Bezos hired a team of PIs to investigate whether or not AMI has a political agenda against him. And now, AMI has allegedly threatened Mr. Bezons that if he does not … Continue reading Can Mr. Bezos Successfully Sue AMI For Copyright Infringement?

Canadian Privacy Laws: A Primer

Canada has enacted legislation to protect the privacy of individuals. If you believe your privacy has been breached, one or more of the following laws may apply to your situation. Please note that the information provided below is not to be considered as legal advice.  Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms (the “Charter“): Section 7 of the Charter states that: 7. Everyone has the right to … Continue reading Canadian Privacy Laws: A Primer

The Right to Be Forgotten

The right to be forgotten can be traced back to the French right to oblivion. In France, after a criminal serves his sentence, he or she retains the right to object publications that contain information about his or her crime.[1] Similarly, the right to be forgotten grants “individual citizens the ability to demand the permanent removal of personal content from the Internet. This could be content … Continue reading The Right to Be Forgotten

Digital Identity and Identification: Definitions – Continued

In the previous post, I defined the following terms: Digital Identity Identification Claim Authentication Authorization Credentials Transaction Identity In this post, I will discuss two more concepts: Digital identity ecosystem and level of assurance (“LoA”) of an identification process. The digital identity ecosystem consists of three parties, the subject, the OSP, the CSP and the relationship between each two. The LoA of an identification process is the … Continue reading Digital Identity and Identification: Definitions – Continued